Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole

Under the Seal of the Necropolis


Die Zeitschrift erscheint in unregelmässigen Abständen und behandelt eine grosse Bandbreite von archäologischen Themen. Der Schwerpunkt liegt bei Ägyptologie und Mumienforschung weltweit. Es werden auch sehr lange Artikel gedruckt, welche bei praktisch allen anderen Zeitschriften wegen strikter Manuskriptlängen chancenlos wären.

The journal is published at irregular intervals and covers a wide range of archaeological topics. The focus is on Egyptology and mummy research worldwide. Very long articles are also printed which would have no chance with practically all other journals because of strict manuscript lengths.

Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole (Vol. 1; 2014)
Gräber von Pharaonen und Königinnen des alten Ägypten, die noch zu finden sind

Das Titelbild zeigt das antike Siegel der Totenstadt im Alten Ägypten: Der Schakalgott Anubis, der Wächter der Nekropole und Gott der Einbalsamierung thront über neun gefesselten Gefangenen. Jeder Ägyptologe der vor einer versiegelten Türe im Tal der Könige steht, weiß, daß er das ganz große Los gezogen haben könnte. Denn wer vor so einer Wand steht kann mit großer Wahrscheinlichkeit davon ausgehen, hinter dieser Wand ein ungeplündertes Grab mit märchenhaften Objekten zu finden. Der präsentierte Band 1 der Serie beschäftigt sich mit königlichen Gräbern, welche bis heute noch nicht gefunden wurden, sowie den berühmten Suchkampagnen der Vergangenheit, welche zur Entdeckung von Gräbern geführt haben.
• Wie Howard Carter das Grab des Tutanchamun fand
• Das Grab von Neferure, der Tochter der Hatschepsut
• Das Grab von Menhet, Menwi und Merti
• Eine antike Schatzkarte zum Grab der Königin Isis-Nofret
• Ramses VIII und sein fehlendes Grab
• Das verschollene Grab des Herihor
• Die verschwundene Mumie von Pinudjem I
• Wo ist König Smendes I. bestattet?


Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole (Vol. 2; 2014)

A New Hypothesis to Build All Smooth Egyptian Pyramids of the Old Kingdom

A New Hypothesis to Build All Smooth Egyptian Pyramids of the Old Kingdom
French researcher Michel Michel presents a theory on the building process of the Pyramids from the Old Kingdom, illustrated with several graphics and reference photographs.

Otto Ernst
Von Satamun zu Nofretete
Dr. Otto Ernst diskutiert die Frage, ob Satamun, die älteste Tochter von Amenhotep III. mit der berühmten Königin Nofretete gleichzusetzen ist. Für diese These gibt es überzeugende genealogische Argumente.

Michael E. Habicht
Die Vorgängerin des Tutanchamun
Die Arbeit präsentiert Fakten zur Identität von Tutanchamuns direkter Vorgängerin Königin Anch-Chepru-Ra. Trat Königin Nofretete die Nachfolge von Echnaton an? Wer kann sich hinter der geheimnisvollen Gestalt namens Semenchkare verstecken?


Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole (Vol. 3; 2017)

Mummies of the Kings and Queens of Ancient Egypt
Anthropological list of royal remains from dynastic Egypt

A general observation is the fact that many of the burials of nobles and close members of the royal family are dated in the mid-18th Dynasty, in the reigns of the Kings Amenhotep II, Thutmosis IV and Amenhotep III.
The number of individuals from the Valley of the Kings, DB 320 and the Valley of the Queens are n= ca. 143 burials (including secondary 3rd Intermediate Period). The recent discovery of about 50 mummies in KV 40 gives a picture on the importance of Susanne Bickels excavation. The importance of the Valley of the Kings as burial place not only for Kings was recently discussed by Susanne Bickel (Bickel 2013a).
Some classic pattern is also the description: ‘The human remains were put aside for further medical examination’. Later often nothing is heard anymore and the whereabouts become unclear. Archaeological expeditions of the past often regarded human remains as “by-product” of little interest (Owens, Tucker, and Hassan 2009).
The research also revealed some rather bizarre stories: Mummy Cairo Museum JE 1604 from the New Kingdom was seized by the police (and safed) from the Secretary at the Fouad University, Shwaky Eff trying to burn the mummy because of superstitious reasons (aka “The Curse of the Mummies”) (Owens, Tucker, and Hassan 2009, 236–237).
According to Owens et al. 2009 many remains are handed over to the Qasr el-Aini Medical Faculty of the University of Cairo but never were studied in detail (Owens, Tucker, and Hassan 2009, 217–218).


Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole (Vol. 4; 2019)

Michael E. Habicht and Francesco M. Galassi

Wolfgang Wettengel

The Ramesside Mummies: 

Identification and medical assessment

The presented study represents a follow-up to the previous study from 2016 on the identifications of the kings from the 18th Dynasty, which was was published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology:

Habicht ME et al., Identifications of ancient Egyptian royal mummies from the 18th Dynasty reconsidered. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2016 Jan;159(Suppl 61):S216-31.

PMID: 26808107. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22909

It assesses the Pharaohs of the 19th to 21st Dynasty and the related High Priest of Amun and their spouses from the 21st to 22nd Dynasty.


Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole (Vol. 5; 2020)

Andrew M. Chugg:

The Lost Tombs of the Last Pharaohs


This study presents a fascinating analysis of where the tombs of the kings of the 30th Dynasty may be found (Nectanebo I, Teos (Djedhor) and Nectanebo II). Furthermore, a fresh connection between the sarcophagus of Nectanebo II (now in London) and the Star-Shield block in Venice is made, showing that these funerary encasements may once have formed an ensemble. In this double sarcophagus the mummy of Alexander the Great may once have been buried. The new evidence presented may confirm that the remains supposed to be those of St Mark the Evangelist lying within a coffin in the high altar of St Mark’s in Venice are actually the bones of Alexander the Great.

Michael E. Habicht:

The cranial data base of Ancient Egypt (short title)

Meta-database of cranial measurements from Ancient Egypt and Nubia (long title)

The material collection analyses one of the most comprehensive anthropological data collections from Ancient Egypt and Nubia, based on the meta-analysis of old reports, studies and new measurements.


  • Including a new database (creative commons) via Internet access

The access link for the database is given in the printed book

Der Zugriffslink für die Datenbank ist im gedruckten Buch angegeben

Le lien d'accès à la base de données est indiqué dans le livre imprimé

El enlace de acceso a la base de datos se encuentra en el libro impreso


Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole (Vol. 6; 2020)

Cicero Moraes, Francesco M. Galassi, Elena Varott, F. Donald Pate & Michael E. Habicht

Facial reconstruction of the mummy Cairo CG 61076 from the Royal Mummies Cachette DB 320. A princess from the late 18th Dynasty?

In this paper, we investigate the anthropological aspects of the ancient Egyptian mummy Cairo CG 61076 found in the royal cachette of Deir el-Bahari (DB 320) and labelled as “Baqt” by reassessing the published literature and photographs and producing a facial reconstruction. As she is dated in the late 18th Dynasty and shows close morphological resemblance to female Royals from the Amarna period, she might well be one of the daughters of Akhenaton and Nefertiti (e.g. Meritaton or Ankhesenamun) or the enigmatic Baketaton.

Michael E. Habicht

South American Mummies – an Overview

The Meta-review study presents an overview of mummies in South America, arranged by country and museum, and gives a brief summary of the state of research. In comparison to Egypt, the mummies of South America often offer much more scientific potential because they have been studied less intensively.  


Andrew M. Chugg

Update on the Lost Tomb of the Last Pharaohs

A short update by Andrew Chugg on his previous article in USN 5.


ISBN: 9783752987874

140 pages, numerous illustrations in colour and black and white


Unter dem Siegel der Nekropole (Vol. 7; 2020)









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