Pope Joan. A covered-up pontificate of a woman or a fictional legend?
In 1277 Martinus Polonius mentioned in his chronicle the pontificate of a woman who had held the office of pope as John Anglicus around 850 for two and a half years and was later removed from the list of popes.
Since then, the world has been wondering whether this is the truth or whether it is a legend that persisted. Was there once a female pope? And what consequences does this have for apostolic succession and for the question of whether women should be ordained as priestesses?
The book presents new materials and presents an amazing and consistent theory.
Drawing of the front of a silver coin (Denier) from the period 856 to 858 with the inscription SCS PETRVS (Saint Peter) and the papal monogram IOHANIS.
In numismatics this coin type is wrongly assigned to the later Pope John VIII (872 - 882), although his name monogram shows clear differences.
Stylistically, the coin belongs to the period before Pope Nicolaus I (858 - 867) and should therefore be assigned to a Pope John of the 850s. In this time there is only Johannes Anglicus, the female pope. Thus, there is historical evidence of the real existence of Pope Joan.
The reverse mentions Emperor Louis II, who had inherited the imperial crown from his father Lothair I in 855 AD. This coin type can be dated after 855 AD in any case. The pontificate of Pope Joan can be limited to the years 856 - 858. Contrary to popular belief, she did not ascend the pontiff's throne after Pope Leo IV but only after Pope Benedict III.