Queen Meresankh III (late 4th Dynasty)

Queen Meresankh III (Egyptian mr = s-ankh) was an Ancient Egyptian Queen of the 4th Dynasty (Old Kingdom,

lifespan c. 2620/10–2570 BC).

 

Her lifespan is reconstructed from the death date in her tomb (1st year,
Shemu-season, 21st day, probably under King Menkaure) and a new astronomical dating model, dating this year c. 2570 BC (Gautschy et al. 2017).

 

She was the daughter of Crown-prince Kawab (possibly a son of King Khufu or King Seneferu) and Queen Hetepheres II, a daughter of King Khufu.

 

She has an ususually broad head and elongated cranium, probably suffering from the rare Silent Sinus Syndrome.

Photographs of her skull were converted to a 3D model, reconstructing additional anthropological measuring points.

The facial reconstruction was made by using mean values for female soft tissue.

 

The study is published in:

Habicht ME, Eppenberger PE, Galassi FM, Rühli FJ, Henneberg M, 

Queen Meresankh III – the oldest case of bilateral Silent Sinus Syndrome (c. 2620/10 - 2570 BC)?

Anthropologie (CZ) Vol 56 (2) 103-113

Reconstruction of the facial type of Queen Meresankh III. without any age signs as they are unknown. Dark eye colour was assumed due to her Egyptian origin. 

Unknown Woman from Royal Cachette DB 320

Skeletonized mummy of a young woman from the royal cachette Deir el-Bahari DB 320 (Cairo CG 61076)

G. E. Smith estimated her to be c. 21 years of age and dated her to the late 18th Dynasty (Amarna period)

 

Cicero Moraes modified a standard female head to a 3D model of CG 61076. She has an elongated skull similar to Tutankhamun or Akhenaton. The mandible of CG 61076 is also unusual for a female

Soft tissue was modelled on the skull following mean thickness at several anthropological measuring points.

The fact that the unknown woman comes from a royal cachette and is dated to the later 18th Dynasty makes her a potential candidate for an Amarna Princess. 

Possible candidated might be:

  • Meritaton

  • Baketaton

  • Ankhesenamun

 

We strongly suggest that her remains should be genetically tested and compared to the family members of Tutankhamun.

Published in:

 

Skeletonized Mummy Mr. X

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For any media inquiries, please contact:

Medienanfragen bitte via folgende Adresse:

michael.habicht[at]flinders.edu.au 

xxxx

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