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Mummy Cairo CG 61075 from KV 55 (Akhenaton?)

KV 55 skull side GE Smith 1912 (copyrigh

The mummy found in the Valley of the Kings in 1907 has remained controversial to this day. For one thing, who it was and how old the person had become. At the beginning, it was even assumed to be a woman because of the relatively wide pelvis.

Today it is beyond doubt that it is a man. The epiphyses of various bones are not yet completely ossified, the teeth only moderately worn. The external age classification ranges from 19 to more than 40 years, depending on the examination. 

The best anthropological studies favour a younger age at death of 20 to 26 years, often only up to 22 or 23 as an upper limit.

The age classification creates serious problems with the archaeological evidence, which clearly suggests the secondary burial of Pharaoh Akhenaten. 
Within the framework of the forensic facial reconstruction by the FAPAB Research Center, Cicero Moraes 2020-2021 reconstructed the skull in three dimensions based on the numerous published data and images.

KV 55 digital model of the skull  (C) Ci
KV 55 forensic modelling (Manchester met

In accordance with the recognised Manchester method, the eyes, muscles, fat pads and skin were then modelled on the skull model; the tissue thicknesses correspond to forensically determined mean values and were carried out blind-folded. Only the images, data and the information that it is an early-adult Egyptian.

Akhenaton KV 55 age comparison  (C) Cicero Moraes-

Because there was also debate within the team about the correct age, two variants were created: 20-25 years on the left, over 30 years on the right.

Echnaton Akhenaton Akhenaten Face reconstructionKV55.tif

Since the arguments in favour of an age of 22 are very good, it was finally decided to go for the younger option. Historically, it is admittedly problematic if Akhenaten had only lived to be 22. However, an identification as the younger brother Smenkhkare is just as problematic, since there is hardly any evidence for his existence and one strand of theory assumes that Queen Nefertiti may have succeeded Akhenaten as King Smenkhkare - this completely eliminates the possibility of a man Smenkhkare...

The only reliable representation - because it is inscribed with name and title - is the ink drawing in the tomb of the official Meryre II in Akhet-Aton. It is archaeologically documented but unfortunately destroyed today. It depicts King Smenkhkare (left) and Queen Meritaton behind him. The king has no male sexual characteristics and is even more feminine in shape than the queen. Therefore, it is hardly arguable that Smenkhkare was a man. 

Grab Merire II Semenchkare Meritaton Sca

Statuette of Nefertiti in Berlin, depicting her in advanced age

The resemblance with Smenkhkare is at hand

Miguel Hermoso Cuesta (ín_Nefertiti_caminando_05.JPG), Zuschneiden,

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