Scientific Paper

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Identification Royal Mummies Ancient Egypt
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Lancet Henry VIII head trauma
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Circulation Research Stroke Study by Francesco M. Galassi
Oxford Presentation Alexander
Queen Meresankh III Silent Sinus Syndrome

Queen Meresankh III – the oldest case of bilateral Silent Sinus Syndrome (c. 2620/10 - 2570 BC)? . Anthropologie (Brno) 56, 2: 103-113'.


While studying literature on crania of Egyptian royal families, photographs of the skull of Queen Meresankh III caught our attention because of the unusually shaped orbits, skull vault and suborbital areas. A retrospective craniometric analysis clearly suggests a pathological condition. Materials & Methods: In this multimodal, interdisciplinary study we reassessed the excavation report of Queen Meresankh III’s mastaba tomb in Giza (Egypt) as well as a publication in the anatomical record (Dunham and Simpson, 1974). Precise craniometric measurements were obtained by application of a three-dimensional (3D) image reconstruction method, which was compared to reference data from two different databases. A differential diagnosis was established in consensus by the authors with regard to the found pathologic craniometric measurements as well as to the biographic information available from the historical sources. The width of the skull is pathologically increased, while the cranial capacity is in a normal range. The orbit widths compare well with existing data, while orbit heights exceed ranges of normal women by more than 2 standard deviations. On account of the presented evidence, a retrospective diagnosis of Silent Sinus Syndrome for Queen Meresankh III may be reasonably postulated, making it the world’s oldest case of the Silent Sinus Syndrome.

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Sokar Pyramidenzeitschrift Sothisdatum Chronologie

The Gladiator's Tears

Epiphora From Ancient Rome

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: October 2019 - Volume 30 - Issue 7 - p 1938–1940

doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005902

This article examines the clinical presentation of epiphora in Ancient Rome through the historico-medical analysis of the literary evidence provided by the verses by the poet Juvenal in his Satire VI. A gladiator's ophthalmological problem is interpreted as epiphora caused by traumatic injuries to the craniofacial region, compatible with those described in the palaeopathological literature. This analysis also focuses on the history of epiphora in antiquity and its treatment.

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Michael E. Habicht, Andrew M. Chugg, Elena Varotto, Francesco M. Galassi

The so-called Porus medallions of Alexander the Great – crucial historical numismatic objects or clever counterfeits?

Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia (in Press 2020)

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Rivista Trimestrale di Scienza dell'Amministrazione

Epidemics and pandemics in the history of humankind and how governments dealt with them. A review from the Bronze Age to the Early Modern Age


European Journal of Internal Medicine

Flying higher than politics: The goal of preventive medicine at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic

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Habicht, Michael E. | Galassi, Francesco M. | Henneberg, Maciej

Cranial variation in Egyptian Pharaohs : Ancestry or microevolution? : Suggestions of family interrelations

Acta Palaeomedica 1 (2021), p. 61-77